(Hindi name: Shamaa)
White Rumped Shama is native to South and Southeast Asia.It is a small shy bird. This bird is peculiarly active at twilight.
This bird was popularly known as a song bird. This ability of singing made Shama attract people, hence it remained a cage bird for many years.
Habitat: Best places to spot White Rumped Shama
White rumped shama is found mainly in western ghats. This bird is usually seen in dense foliage, tropical moist forest, swamp forest.
Female builds the nest, while male guards it. Nest is made in hollow of a tree. It is made up of leaves, roots, stems etc.
White rumped shama forages on ground for food. It feeds on insects, arthropods and also on berrie
Plumage : How does this bird look?
White rumped shama bird has a glossy blue-black head, nape, back and upperbreast. Wings and tail are black. Rump and outer tail feathers are white. Belly and lower breast are rufous. Bill is black with pink legs and feet. Tail is long and useful for changing directions. Both the sexes appear similar.
Breeding season is from January to September but the peak period is from April to June. Courtship display includes male pursuing female, descending down and settling above the female. It also includes shrill call followed by flick and fan out tail feathers. The interesting thing is that if the male is unsuccessful, the female will threaten him away. The clutch contain of four-five eggs in a nest placed in the hollow of a tree. Female incubates the eggs. Incubation period is around 12-15 days. Both parents feed the young ones.
Shama bird is known to maintain its territory. During breeding season male and female share the territory. They may have different territories in non breeding season.
- Kingdom – Animalia
- Phylum – Chordata
- Class – Aves
- Order – Passeriformes
- Family – Muscicapidae
- Genus – Copsychus
- Species – C. malabaricus
- Binomial name – Copsychus malabaricus