Rock Pigeon


(Hindi name- Kabutar )

Rock pigeon is a commonly found bird. In earlier days it is said that pigeons were used as mail carrier. You will also find its references in Hindi movies.

The rock dove or rock pigeon is commonly known as ‘Pigeon’. Some of them, who escape captivity are known as feral pigeons.

In this article we will explore where to spot this bird, and learn more about its habits and habitat.

Habitat: Best places to spot Rock Pigeon

Rock pigeon is found in urban as well as rural areas near human habitation.

Nesting Habits

Its nest is a flimsy platform of straw and sticks. The nest can be seen on the artificial cliff faces created by apartment buildings with accessible ledges or roof spaces.

Food Habits

Rock pigeon forages on ground for food. It feeds on grain, seeds and food directly or indirectly provided by human beings.


Plumage: How does this bird looks.

Its head, neck, chest are dark bluish grey. It has glossy, greenish and reddish-purple iridescence along its neck. The iris is orange or red with a paler inner ring. The bare skin around the eye is bluish-grey. Its bill is grey-black. It has clearly visible off-white cere. The feet are purplish-red. It has two black bars or pale grey wings. The rump is lighter grey. There is a black band at the end of the tail. The female is identical to male but it has less intense iridescence. Young ones are paler.
Rock pigeon is approximately 11-15 inches in size, and weighs around 230-380 gms.


Rock pigeon is a monogamous bird. It breeds any time during the year. This is gregarious bird, but found in pairs during breeding season. Both parents incubate the eggs. The incubation period is around 18 days. The chicks are called as ‘squab’.


Pigeons can carry and spread diseases to people and live stock through their droppings.


  • Kingdom – Animalia
  • Phylum – Chordata
  • Class – Aves
  • Order- Columbiformes
  • Family- Columbidae
  • Genus – Columba
  • Species- C. livia
  • Binomial name- Columba livia

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