Hindi name: Shakkar khora
Purple-rumped sunbird is endemic to Indian Subcontinent.
How does the bird appear…
It is a small bird with less than 10 cm length. It has thin downcurved bill with brush tipped tubular tongue, both these adaptions are for nectar feeding. It is sexually dimorphic bird.
Male- Upperparts are dark maroon with blue-green crown. Shoulder has bright green patch and purple rump patch. Throat is dark with violet patch in the throat which is visible in some angles. Underparts are whitish. Iris is reddish.
Female- Upperparts are olive and underparts are yellow to buff. Throat is white. Uppertail coverts are black.
Habitat: Where to find this bird?
It is found in various habitats with trees, including scrub and cultivated land. It is not seen in dense forests.
It feeds mainly on nectar, it sometimes pierces the base of the flower and take away the nectar and this action is called as ‘nectar theft’. It also takes honeydew exuded by leafhoppers and occasionally feeds on insects.
Breeding & Nesting
It breeds mainly during monsoon. Nest is hanging pouch made up of cobwebs, lichens and plant material. Nest is built by female. Incubation is done by both male and female. Incubation period is from 14 to 16 days. Chicks fledge in around 17 days.