Purple Heron


Hindi name: Lal sain

Purple Heron is a wader bird. It is elusive bird and found in dense vegetation near water.

How does the bird appear…

It is a large but slender bird. It is darker reddish-brown in plumage. In adults crown and forehead are black with a dark stripe down the back of the neck that terminates in a slender, dangling crest. The sides of head and neck are buffish-chestnut. Front of the neck is paler than the sides. Upper parts and tail are brownish-grey. Is brownish-yellow. The iris is yellow and the legs are brown at the front and yellowish behind.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It is found in marshes, lagoons, mudflats, river banks, ditches and canals and lakes surrounded by dense vegetation. It is also seen at mangrove swamps on the coast but it usually chooses freshwater habitats, particularly locations with reed beds.


It feeds on fish, rodents, frogs and insects, small mammals, amphibians, snakes, lizards, crustaceans, water snails, insects , spiders It either stalks prey or waits for its prey in ambush.

Breeding & Nesting:

It usually breeds in colonies. The usual clutch has 4-5 eggs. Incubation is done by both parents. The young fledge at about six weeks and become independent at two months.

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