Oriental pied hornbill


Hindi name- Purvi dhabbedar dhanesh

Oriental pied hornbill is considered to be among the smallest and most common of the Asian hornbills.

How does the bird appear…

It is a medium sized bird. It shows black head, neck, back, wings and upper breast with a slight green sheen. The tail is black with white tips on all the feathers except the central feathers. Lower breast, lower abdomen, thighs, under-wing is white. Also the skin around the eyes and on the throat skin is white. Male has yellow bill, which has a black base, and bright red eyes. Female shows yellow bill and casque with partly black, browned patched mandible and grayish-brown eyes.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It inhabits subtropical and tropical dry forests, subtropical and tropical moist lowlands and dry savanna with scattered trees.


It mainly feeds on wild fruits. During breeding season it takes protein-rich, lipid-rich fruits and small animals.

Breeding & Nesting

It is monogamous and breeds during February to April. It usually re-uses same nest site year after year. It usually nests in cavities of large trees. This cavity is sealed by female keeping a slit open with the help of fruit pulp, mud, saliva, dropping etc. Male  feeds female and nestlings.


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