Northern Pintail


Northern pintail has wide geographic distribution.

How does the bird appear…

Breeding male shows chocolate-brown head and white breast with a white stripe extending up the side of the neck. It has long black tail bordered by yellowish-tan patches. The upper back and sides are grey. The lower back feathers are black with pale edges, and the rear of the wing is bronzy-greenish, with a black band and white rear edge. In non-breeding plumage it has duller, brownish plumage, with fine, dark streaks on the neck and broad, dark barring on the upperparts.

Female has grey-brown head with light brown plumage. It is easily recognizable by its long neck, long grey bill and relatively shorter pointed tail.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It breeds in wet grasslands, lakeside and in tundra. During winter it inhabits sheltered estuaries, brackish marshes and coastal lagoons.


It is omnivorous. In winter it feeds on plant material like seeds, roots, rhizomes etc. During nesting season it feeds on aquatic insects, mollusks and crustaceans.

Breeding & Nesting

It breeds between April to June. Nest is built on nest in dry place amongst vegetation and at some distance from water. Nest is shallow scrape lined with plant material. Eggs are incubated by female and incubation period is of 22-24 days.

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