Lesser florican


Lesser florican is endemic to Indian Subcontinent. It is best known for its leaping breeding displays made by the males during the Monsoon season.

How does the bird appear…

Male- Breeding male shows white throat with black head, neck and lower parts. It has three 4 inch long, ribbon-like feathers which arise from behind the ear-coverts on each side of the head and extend backwards, curving up and ending in spatulate tip. Wing coverts are white.

Non-breeding male have white in wing. It has buff plumage with black streaks and darker markings on the head and neck. The back is mottled and barred in black. The neck and upper breast are buff with the streaks decreasing towards the belly. The legs are pale yellow and iris is yellow.

Female- Female is slightly larger than male and have similar plumage as that of non-breeding male.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It is found in dry grasslands with scattered bushes and scrub.


It feeds on wide range of small vertebrates and invertebrates; it also takes seeds, shoots, herbs and berries.

Breeding & Nesting

It breeds from September to October in northern India and from April to May in southern India. Nest is shallow scrape in the ground which is usually in the dense grass. Incubation period is of 21 days and incubation is done by female alone.


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