Indian Pond Heron


(Hindi name- Andha bagula)

Indian pond heron got the name ‘andha bagula’ because of its behaviour and gestures during catching prey. The bird stands still on the banks and waits until the prey comes within its range.

In this article we will explore where to spot this bird, and learn more about its habits and habitat.

Habitat: Best places to spot Indian pond heron

Indian pond heron found in marshy, wet lands and on pond edges.

Nesting Habits

Its nest is in trees or in shrubs. It nests in colonies. Nest material collected by male while nest building is done by female.

Food Habits

Indian pond heron feeds on crustaceans, aquatic insects, fishes and tadpoles. It is usually found forging alone.

Plumage: How does this bird looks.

Indian pond heron is a small heron. In non-breeding plumage head and neck are streaked with dark brown and buff. The bill is yellow. The lores are green while iris are yellow. Its rump tail and flight feathers are white. The under parts are white with buff streaks. The legs and feet are dull green.

During breeding season head and neck are brown buff but are non streaked. It develops 3-4 cream white narrow, long and tapering soft feathers from back of the head to back during breeding season. The lores and base of the bill turn blue. Upper back feathers and wigs are dark maroon. The legs are pinkish. Juveniles are similar to non-breeding adults.


Breeding season starts with monsoon. Female lays 3-5 eggs. Eggs hatch in 18-24 days.


  • Kingdom – Animalia
  • Phylum – Chordata
  • Class – Aves
  • Order – Pelecaniformes
  • Family – Ardeidae
  • Genus – Ardeola
  • Species – A. Grayii
  • Binomial name – Ardeola Grayii

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