Great Indian Bustard


Hindi name- Godawan / Sohan / Hukna

Great Indian Bustard is large ground bird and has height around one metre. Horizontal body and long bare legs gives the bird Ostrich like appearance.

How does the bird appear…

It has pale head and neck with contrasting black cap. The body is brownish with a black patch spotted in white.

Male- It is deep sandy buff coloured and develops black breast band during breeding season.

Female-  It is smaller than the male, the head and neck are not pure white and the breast band is either rudimentary, broken or absent.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It is found mainly in arid and semi-arid grasslands, open country with thorn scrub, tall grass interspersed with cultivation.


It is omnivorous and takes both insects as well as grass seeds, berries etc. It is also seen taking reptiles and rodents.

Breeding & Nesting

It breeds between March to September. The female lays a single egg in an unlined scrape on the ground. Incubation and care of young one is done by female alone.

It is critically endangered species due to loss of habitat.

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