Great hornbill


Great hornbill is heaviest (not longest) Asian hornbill. It is also known as great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill.

How does the bird appear…

It is a large bird. Female is smaller than male and has bluish-white eyes unlike red eyes in male. Like other hornbills it shows pinkish orbital skin and prominent eyelashes. It has bright yellow, blackish casque on the top of massive bill. The back of the casque is reddish in females, while the underside of the front and back of the casque is black in males.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It frequents wet evergreen and mixed deciduous forests.


It feeds mainly on ripe fruits but also takes insects, small birds, lizards, snakes, small mammals such as rats and flying squirrels.

Breeding & Nesting

It is monogamous and breeds from March to July in north-east India and from February to May in Western ghats. It nests in natural hole situated high up on the tree. The female enters and seals herself up with faeces, bits of wood, bark and debris. She leaves a vertical slit open through which the male passes food. Incubation period is of 38-40 days.


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