Eurasian wryneck


The Eurasian wryneck is the only European woodpecker that migrates long distance. It breeds intemperate Europe and Asia.

How does the bird appear…

It is slim bird with upperparts barred and mottled in shades of pale brown with rufous and blackish bars and wider black streaks. The rump and upper tail coverts are grey with small spots and irregular bands of brown. The tail is rounded and grey, with small brown spots, faint bands of greyish-brown and a few more clearly defined bands of brownish-black. Throat and cheeks are buff and barred with brown.  The underparts are creamy white and have brown markings. Flanks and under tail coverts are buff, under tail coverts show narrow brown bars. The beak is brown, long and slender with a broad base and sharp tip. It has reddish brown iris. Legs are slender and feet are pale brown.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It prefers old woods and orchards. It also inhabits deciduous woodland and coniferous forests.


It mainly feeds on ants but also takes beetles, moths, spiders, woodlice.

Breeding & Nesting

It breeds from May to June. It usually nests in natural tree hole but also uses hole in walls and nest boxes. Duties of incubation of eggs and feeding chicks are shared by both parents.

Interesting Fact

It has ability to turn its head through almost 180 degrees.

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