Crested bunting


(Hindi name: Patthar-chiria)

Crested bunting is also known as ‘Yuvraj’, because of its crest, which gives the bird a prince like appearance. This charming bird is known for its soft, squeaky, monotonous song.

In this article we explore where to spot this bird and learn more about its habits and habitat.

Habitat: Best places to spot Crested bunting

crested bunting
Crested Bunting Male

Crested bunting is resident over large part of India. It is commonly seen around hills and mountains. It is found in open, bush-rock covered mountainsides, open countrysides and sometimes also in cultivation.


The nest is cup shaped. It is made up of grass, moss, thin rootlets etc. The nest is usually placed on the ground, under a rock or bush or under roots on steep banks of water bodies.

Food Habits

Crested bunting feeds mainly on small grass seeds, seeds of weeds and cereals.

Plumage: How does this bird appear…


The male has glossy black plumage, with long, pointed crest with chestnut wings and tail. The juvenile male resembles the adult, but is duller with streaked upper parts. The wings and tail are browner.

Female is paler and browner than male. It has a shorter crest and less chestnut in wings and tail. The upper parts are olive-brown, while under parts are paler than upper parts. The under parts are darker, rufous in wings, buffy-yellow below and streaked dark on breast. Female has darkish moustachial stripe.


Breeding season is from April to August. Female lays 3-5 eggs. Incubation is done by female alone.


  • Kingdom – Animalia
  • Phylum – Chordata
  • Class – Aves
  • Order – Passeriformes
  • Family – Emberizidae
  • Genus – Melophus
  • Species – M. lathami
  • Binomial name – Melophus lathami

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