Common Kestrel

Common Kestrel

The common kestrel is a bird of prey. It is also known as the European kestrel or Eurasian kestrel. It is widely spread and found in Europe, Asia and Africa.

How does the bird appear…

Their plumage is mainly light chestnut brown with blackish spots on the upper side and buff with narrow blackish streaks on the underside. It shows sexual dimorphism where male  shows the rump and tail which are bluish grey and unbarred, whereas in females they are brownish-red with dark barring. The head is grey in male and brown in female. The cere, feet, and a narrow ring around the eye are bright yellow; the toenails, bill and iris are dark.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It found in broad range of habitats which include farmland, open uncultivated land, edges of woodland, parks.


It feeds on mouse-sized mammals, small birds, bats, swifts, frogs, earthworms, insects, beetles  and rarely on lizards.

Breeding & Nesting

It breeds in spring, i.e. April/May in temperate Eurasia and some time between August and December in the tropics and southern Africa. It nests in cavities and holes.It generally reuses old nests. Incubation is done by female while male provides her food. Young ones fledge in 4-5 weeks.

Interesting facts

Common kestrel is able to see near ultraviolet light, hence the bird can detect the urine trails around rodent burrows as they shine in an ultraviolet colour in the sunlight.


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