Common Hoopoe


(Hindi name- Hudhud)

This colourful bird carries great importance with itself. Hoopoe was chosen as national bird of Israel in May 2008. The bird was considered as King of birds in ancient Greece.

In this article we will explore where to spot this bird, and learn more about its habits and habitat.

Habitat: Best places to spot Common Hoopoe

Common hoopoe inhabits a wide range of habitats such as heathland (A heath is a shrubland habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and is characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation), wooded steppes, savannas and grasslands, as well as forest glades. Hoopoe makes seasonal movement in response to rains.


The nest is a hole in a tree or a wall. It has a narrow entrance.

Food Habits

Hoopoe is solitary forager and forages on ground. It feeds on insects, small reptiles, frogs, also on seeds and berries. Large prey is beaten against the ground so as to kill it and also to remove indigestible body parts of the prey.

Common-HoopoePlumage: How does this bird looks?

Hoopoe is a medium sized colourful bird. The bill is black, long and tapering with fawn base. Wings are broad and rounded. Its chest plumage varies from pinkish brown to chestnut. Back, wings and tail are barred black and white. The crest is same as colour of head with black tips. Juveniles are duller and have relatively shorter crest.


Hoopoe is a monogamous, but the pair bond lasts for a single season. The clutch varies in size. Female does the incubation. To deter off predators, brooding female secretes foul smelling secretions.

Incubation period is of 15-18 days. Young ones fledged by 26-29 days.


  • Kingdom – Animalia
  • Phylum – Chordata
  • Class – Aves
  • Order – Bucerotiformes
  • Family – Upupidae
  • Genus – Upupa
  • Species – U. epops
  • Binomial name – Upupa epops

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