Barn Swallow


The barn swallow is the most widespread species of swallow in the world.

How does the bird appear…

It has rufous forehead, chin and throat which are separated from the off-white underparts by a broad dark blue breast band. Upperparts are steel blue. Outer tail feathers are elongated which give deeply forked appearance. There is a line of white spots across the outer end of the upper tail.

Female is similar in appearance to male but has short tail streamers and less glossy blue of upperparts and breast band. The juvenile is browner and has a paler rufous face and whiter underparts.

Habitat: Where to find this bird?

It is found in open country with low vegetation preferably nearby water. It avoids heavily wooded or precipitous areas and densely built-up locations.


It is insectivorous. It feeds above shallow water or on ground. It often follows humans or animals to catch disturbed insects.

Breeding & Nesting

Breeding season is between May to August. Nest is cup shaped and is placed on a beam or against a suitable vertical projection. Both sexes defend the nest, but the male is particularly aggressive and territorial. Incubation period is of 13-16 days and incubation is done by female. Chicks are fed by both parents.


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